Military Laws And Rules And Regulations For The Armies Of The United States.
Adjutant and Inspector General’s Office Washington, May 1st , 1813
Art. 46. Any sentinel who shall be found sleeping upon his post, or shall leave it before he shall be regularly relieved, shall suffer death, or such other punishment as shall be inflected by the sentence of a court martial.
Art. 47. No soldier belonging to any regiment, troop, or company, shall hire another to do his duty for him, or excused from duty, but in cases of sickness, disability, or leave of absence; and every such soldier found guiltily of hiring his duty, as also the party so hired to do another’s duty, shall be punished at the discretion of a regimental court martial.
Art. 48. And every non-commissioned officer endeavoring at such hiring of duty aforesaid, shall be reduced; and every commissioned officer, knowing and allowing such ill practices in the service, shall be punished by the judgment of a general court martial.
Art. 49. Any officer belonging to the service of the United States, who by discharging of fire arms, drawing of swords, beating of drums, or by any other means whatsoever, shall occasion false alarms in camp, garrison, or quarters, shall suffer death, or such other punishment as shall be ordered by the sentence of a general court martial.
Art. 50. Any officer or soldier, who shall, without urgent necessity, or without leave of his superior officer, quit his guard, platoon, or division, shall be punished according to the nature of his offence, by the sentence of a court martial.