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Military Laws And Rules And Regulations For The Armies Of The United States.

Adjutant and Inspector General’s Office Washington, May 1st , 1813

Art. 31.  No officer commanding any of the garrisons, forts or barracks of the United States, shall exorbitant prices for houses, or stalls, let out to sutlers, or connive at the like exertions in others, nor by his own authority, and for his person advantage, lay any duty or imposition upon, or be intercefed in the sale of any victuals, liquors, or other necessaries of life, brought into the garrison, fort, or barracks for the use of the soldiers, as the penalty of being discharged from the service.

Art. 32.  Every officer commanding in quarters, garrisons, or on the march, shall keep good order, and to the utmost of his power redress all abuse or disorders, which may be committed by any officer or soldier under his command; if upon complaint made to him of officers or soldiers beating, or otherwise ill treating any person of dispersing fairs or markets, or of commencing any kinds of riots, to the disquieting of citizens of the United States, he the said commander, who shall refuse or omit to see justice done to the offender or offenders, and reparation made to the party or parties injured, as far as par to the offender’s pay shall enable him or them, shall upon proof thereof, be cashiered or otherwise punished, as a general court martial shall direct.

 Art. 33.  When any commissioned officer or soldier shall be accused of a capital crime, or of having used violence, or committed any offence against the persons or property of any citizen of any of the United States, such as is punishable by the known laws of the land, the commanding officer, and officers of every regiment, troop, or company, to which the person, or persons, so accused, shall belong, are hereby required, upon application duly made by, or in behalf of the party or parties injured, to use their utmost endeavors to deliver over such accused person, or persons, to the civil magistrate, and likewise to be aiding and assisting to the officers of justice in apprehending and securing the person of persons so accused, in order to bring him or them to trial.  If any commanding officer or officers, shall willfully neglect, or shall refuse, upon the application aforesaid, to deliver over such accused person, or persons, to the civil magistrates, or to be aiding and avoiding to the officers of justice in apprehending such person, or persons, the officer, or officers, so offending, shall be cashiered.

Art. 34.  If any officer shall think himself wronged by his colonel, or the commanding officer of the regiment, shall, upon due application being made to him, be refused redress, he may complain to the general, commanding in the state or territory where such regiment shall be stationed, in order to obtain justice; who is hereby required to examine into the said complaint, and take proper measures to redressing the wrong complained of, and transmit as soon as possible to the Department of War, a true state of such complaint with the proceedings had thereon.

Art. 35.  If any inferior officer or soldier, shall think himself wronged by his captain, or other officer, he is to complain thereof to the regiment, who is hereby required to summon a regimental court martial for the doing justice to the complaint; from which regimental court martial either party may, if he thinks himself still aggrieved, appeal to a general court martial.  But if, upon a second hearing, the appeal shall appear vexatious and groundless, the person, so appealing, shall be punished at the discretion of the said court martial.


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