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Military Laws And Rules And Regulations For The Armies Of The United States.

Adjutant and Inspector General’s Office Washington, May 1st , 1813

2 Details of Service
These shall be made agreeably to prescribed rules, and the usage of war.
All corps will furnish according to their strength - the longest off duty, the first on duty.  When it may be found practicable, the troops are to act by companies, battalions, or regiments.
Return detachments will not be excused from duty more than two days.
Seniority of corps with respect to troops, and priority of rank with respect to officers, will entitle to precedence for command; subject to deviations under the orders of the commanding general.
In details, the following gradation will govern:

  1. Reconnoitering parties and corps of observation.
  2. Foraging before the enemy.
  3. Detachments and outposts.
  4. Guards of trenches.
  5. Van guards in approaching an enemy.
  6. Rear guards in retiring from an enemy.
  7. General courts.
  8. Guard of the General commanding in chief.
  9. Camp of garrison guards.
  10. Other guards mounted from the grand parade.
  11. Guards of general officers and the staff according to rank.
  12. Pickets.
  13. General fatigues.
  14. Police.

In the routine of duty the law of detail will always give it to the officer longest off duty, and when two have been with the same grade of service, on the same day, reference to the former tour on the roster will determine the detail.
Should a tour of service of higher grade occur to an officer while on any subordinate duty, he shall be relieved, and the tour on which he is, be passed to his credit.
If an officer's tour for general court martial, picket, cr fatigue, occur while he is on any other duty from the grand parade, he shall not be relieved, but stand for the next tour.


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